Every surgical procedure comes with different kinds and intensities of risks. Out of the several surgeries which are done to achieve an immediate and rapid weight loss, bariatric surgery is one. In severely obese patients, where obesity has become a severe threat to their life, bariatric surgery is often performed. Common complications during immediate postoperative care might involve infection of the operated area, development of blood clots and internal bleeding.
The risk factors associated with this can be classified into two subcategories. Ones that are associated with the restriction of different kinds of food intake, and the other which are correlative to postoperative care. Best bariatric surgeon in India does their best to prevent the development of blood clots in the leg veins or deep vein thrombosis. Their operative cases are mostly successful. But in cases where severe blood clots develop, it can proceed to the lungs and cause pulmonary embolism posing a serious threat to the life of the person. There can also be a major infection in the wound, that can increase the risk of a plausible heart attack, stroke etc.
Generally, the patient who suffers from a pulmonary embolism after a surgery is found to have a history of Pulmonary hypertension, susceptible to blood clot development and deep vein thrombosis. Although the obesity surgery can immensely uplift the overall health of a patient it comes with a lot of complications if there is a lack of proper care after the operation. One serious drawback is that all the after effects of bariatric surgery is not fully known yet. A few of the potential risks which fall under the gross surgical risks are gastrointestinal hemorrhage, pneumonia, scarring in the abdomen, infection with blood clots, bleeding ulcer, stones in the gallbladder, hernia, malnutrition, vomiting with the intake of too much food, nausea, obstruction in throat when food is not properly chewed, a temporary or permanent kidney failure or even sleeve gastrectomy which is the case of narrowing of the stomach.
Gastric bypass surgery, biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, adjustable gastric band or gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy are the four major kinds of bariatric surgery. In some patients, the obesity problems are so threatening that a few potential risks after the surgery are not so remarkable. A proper discussion with your doctor and surgeon to know how the process will go and what side effects you might face is however very essential for any patient before going into the operation theatre. It will be very dull to assume that a weight loss surgery will make you slim and trim and will cut down on all your obesity problems the day you’re being operated. Bariatric surgery will only help in speeding up the process of weight loss indirectly and successfully.
The most less talked about a topic related with the bariatric surgery is that the detrimental effect it can have on a patient’s psychological health. A lot of patients is found to suffer from anxiety and depression right after the surgery. Relationship problems are common. While the patients do have changed after the surgery but still on some social occasions they feel anxious and isolated, owing to the restrictions imposed on the diet as well as a reduced appetite.