REPORT ON THE STATE OF THE FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION IN THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO.
1. Summary presentation of the country
Official name : Democratic Republic of Congo
Area: 2,345,409 km2
Capital: Kinshasa (10 million)
Major cities : Lubumbashi (1.7 ) , Mbuji -Mayi (1.6 ) , Kisangani (0.9) , Kananga (1) , Bukavu (0.9)
Official language: French
Common languages : Lingala , Kikongo , Swahili and Tshiluba
Currency: Congolese Franc ( 925FC = U.S. $ 1 )
National Day: June 30th.
Population: 70 millions of habitats.
Literacy rate: 67% (UNDP Report, 2011)
Religions: Christian, Muslim and Kimbanguists
2. Recall the main lines of the fight against Corruption
- Both Reforms in Public Administration ( 1973 and 1981 ) did not produce the expected results, due to the inversion of values including, Corruption nearly universal erected management mode and method of social life ;
- To combat corruption, the Commission against Corruption, Fraud and Smuggling and Counterfeiting of Money and Trademark was founded in January 2001 by Decree No. 116/2002 of 29 August 2002. The Commission was placed under the direct authority of the President of the Republic;
- After the political agreements of Sun City, signed out of the war from 1998 to 2001, five civic institutions were created, including the Commission on Ethics and the Fight against Corruption by the Organic Law no. 04 /020 of July 30, 2004;
- The signing of the Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the Fight against Corruption between DRC - RSA and UNODC, made in February 2008.
The Steering Committee, responsible for the implementation of this Protocol was entrusted to the Centre of the Code of Professional Ethics (PSCO), which was responsible for organizing the first National Forum on Fighting against Corruption and the Round Table Experts in 2009-2010.
- The Struggle against Anti - values, including corruption became a transversal theme activities Reform of Congolese Public Administration. Read More.